Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Nat Con 2016;14:142-5 DOI: 10.1016/j.ncon.2016.09.002
Policy Forums
Where do seedlings for Restinga restoration come from and where should they come from?
Julia Dias de Freitas, Ricardo Bertoncello, Alexandre Adalardo de Oliveira, Adriana Maria Zanforlin Martini,
Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Department of Ecology, Institute of Biosciences, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Received 11 April 2016, Accepted 04 September 2016

In a study specifically designed to quantify the production of seedlings grown from seeds collected in Restinga, we found only six from 122 surveyed nurseries in São Paulo state producing local seedlings. Total number of commercially produced seedlings was relatively low. Thus, we compared it with the number of legally committed seedlings to restoration projects in seaside towns in São Paulo state. We found local seedling production representing only one third (32%) of legally committed seedlings. Given this discrepancy between production and demand, we presumed that most of seedlings used in restoration projects in seaside towns has come from other regions. In view of this, we discuss some aspects of the debate about introduction of exogenous seedlings in restoration projects, highlighting the recent literature recommendations for singular ecosystems, such as coastal plain vegetation. We highlighted some potential negative effects on the long-term ecological restoration success and presented some alternative policy actions in order to encourage local seedling production and to register seedling provenance.

Seed provenance, Local genotypes, Nursery, Precautionary principle, Coastal plain vegetation