Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2017;15:42-6 DOI: 10.1016/j.pecon.2016.11.001
Research Letters
Use of small Atlantic Forest fragments by birds in Southeast Brazil
Karlla Vanessa de Camargo Barbosaa,b,, , Christoph Knoggea, Pedro Ferreira Develeyb, Clinton N. Jenkinsa, Alexandre Uezua
a Instituto de Pesquisas Ecológicas (IPÊ), Nazaré Paulista, SP, Brazil
b SAVE Brazil – BirdLife International Affiliate, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Received 21 February 2016, Accepted 15 November 2016
Abstract

Small forest fragments may play a major role in fragmented areas, but there is scarce empirical data to test this hypothesis. To understand in which context birds can use small Atlantic Forest fragments, we tested the presence of 11 bird species in 30 small fragments (4–10ha), in a range of matrices (eucalyptus-pasture), and in different landscape configurations. The results showed that landscape composition is a good predictor for presence of birds in small fragments and their use can be further associated with matrix type. Considering the number of species, and the species Chiroxiphia caudata, we found a pattern in which models that consider the matrix composition are the most plausible. Relative importance of the variables indicates that matrix is the most important single variable among the selected species (five among eight). This suggests that small fragments are effective for increasing connectivity, mainly in landscapes with a higher percentage of permeable matrix.

Keywords
Habitat fragmentation, Forest patch, Eucalyptus, Matrix, Tropical forest