Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:49-53 DOI: 10.1016/j.pecon.2017.08.007
Policy Forums
The Native Vegetation Protection Law of Brazil and the challenge for first-order stream conservation
Ricardo H. Taniwakia,e,, , Yuri A. Fortea, Gabriela O. Silvab, Pedro H.S. Brancaliona, Caroline V. Coguetoc, Solange Filosod, Silvio F.B. Ferraza
a Universidade de São Paulo, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de “Queiroz”, Departamento de Ciências Florestais, Av. Pádua Dias, 11 CEP 13400-970, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
b Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Campus Dois Vizinhos, Estrada para Boa Esperança, KM 04, CEP: 85.660-000, Dois Vizinhos, PR, Brazil
c Coordenadoria de Biodiversidade, Secretaria de Meio Ambiente do Estado de São Paulo, Avenida Professor Frederico Hermann Jr, 345, CEP 05459-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
d Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, P.O. Box 38, 20688 Solomons, MD, USA
e Universidade Paulista UNIP, campus Sorocaba, Curso de Ciências Biológicas, Av. Independência 210 CEP 18087-101, Éden, Sorocaba, SP, Brazil
Received 28 March 2017, Accepted 15 August 2017

First-order streams in Brazil are protected by the Native Vegetation Protection Law of Brazil (NVPL), which regulates the land-use in rural properties and is linked with aquatic conservation. We investigated the importance of the data-set resolution to identify first-order streams (State of São Paulo, Brazil) and estimated its length compared to other water bodies. We found that first-order streams represent around 58% of the total length of the drainage system. In addition, we compared this database with that of the Environmental Rural Registry (CAR in Portuguese). Compared with the lower resolution data-set, the length of first-order streams self-declared in CAR was 80% lower. We also found a concerning number of small dams in first-order streams, which severely changes their dynamics. Therefore, we recommend the use of finer resolution data-sets in order to create tools to support legal compliance that goes beyond the limited information provided by CAR.