Natureza & Conservação Natureza & Conservação
Nat Con 2014;12:150-5 DOI: 10.1016/j.ncon.2014.09.008
Research Letters
Spatial conservation priorities for top predators reveal mismatches among taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity
Fernando L. Sobrala,, , Lucas Jardima, Priscila Lemesa, Nathália Machadoa, Rafael Loyolab, Marcus V. Cianciarusob
a Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Evolução, Universidade Federal de Goiás – UFG, Goiânia, GO, Brazil
b Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade Federal de Goiás – UFG, Goiânia, GO, Brazil
Received 25 August 2014, Accepted 04 September 2014
Abstract

Systematic conservation planning is traditionally based on biological features, sometimes representing a single biodiversity component, such as top predators. However, few studies have tested the efficiency of traditional spatial prioritizations to capture the phylogenetic and functional diversity of entire faunas. Here, we evaluated (1) the congruence among spatial prioritization analyses based on taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity for mammals and birds occurring in Brazil; and (2) the congruence among outputs of spatial priorities for carnivores and birds of prey and priorities for conserving the phylogenetic and functional diversity of all mammal and bird species. Priority sites differed among taxonomic groups as well as among biodiversity aspects, with low congruence among them. Overall, both strategies – full group and top predators – were not efficient and have not captured even half of all variation in phylogenetic and functional diversity existing in the groups.

Keywords
Birds of prey, Carnivores, Conservation planning, Evolutionary history, Functional traits