Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Nat Con 2014;12:156-61 DOI: 10.1016/j.ncon.2014.04.001
Research Letters
Measuring diversity: looking for processes that generate diversity
Ricardo Iglesias-Riosa,, , Rosana Mazzonib
a Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
b Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro – UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Received 24 July 2013, Accepted 19 April 2014
Abstract

In this study, we compare the variations of Margalef K and Shannon H diversity indices obtained for a fish community that suffered changes as a consequence of the impoundment of the upper Tocantins River in Goiás, Brazil. The analysis of different sites along the study area showed that the Shannon index was not sensitive to the environmental changes, whereas the Margalef K index varied significantly following the impoundment. Therefore, the Margalef K index appears to be a good diversity indicator as well as a valuable parameter for the temporal data series analysis, from changing environments and for the conservation of natural environments. Although the Margalef K index can be used as a diversity index, it can also be used to consistently indicate the speed of ecosystem evolution.

Keywords
Distribution, Community structure, Disturb, Reservoir, Tocantins River