Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:54-9 DOI: 10.1016/j.pecon.2017.11.005
Policy Forums
Can you hear the noise? Environmental licensing of seismic surveys in Brazil faces uncertain future after 18 years protecting biodiversity
Cristiano Vilardoa,b,, , André Favaretto Barbosaa
a IBAMA – Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
b Energy Planning Program, Alberto Luiz de Coimbra Engineering Graduate School and Research Center, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Received 08 August 2017, Accepted 27 November 2017
Abstract

Marine Seismic Surveys are an important source of concern for marine biodiversity conservation worldwide. In Brazil, Environmental Federal Agency IBAMA has developed a considerably advanced mitigation/monitoring requirements package in 18 years of environmental licensing practice, with standardized guidelines since 2005. Adding to global efforts aiming at filling knowledge gaps over the impacts on biodiversity, IBAMA has been able to foster important marine research through environmental licensing requirements. Better communication of research findings to the international scientific community remains a challenge to be addressed. Nevertheless, current institutional and legal reforming initiatives jeopardize the evolution of environmental control of Marine Seismic Surveys in Brazil.

Keywords
Environmental licensing, Environmental impact assessment, Biodiversity monitoring, Seismic surveys, Marine biodiversity