Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2017;15:47-51 DOI: 10.1016/j.pecon.2016.11.003
Research Letters
Aversive hunting and sight frequency ecology of Beaded lizards (Squamata: Helodermatidae)
Hublester Domínguez-Vegaa,b,, , Octavio Monroy-Vilchisa,c, Javier Manjarreza, Carlos J. Balderas-Valdíviad
a Centro de Investigación en Recursos Bióticos, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Instituto Literario, Toluca, Mexico
b Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Mexico
c Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Centro de Investigación en Biología Aplicada, Instituto Literario, Toluca, Mexico
d Dirección General de Divulgación de la Ciencia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coyoacán, Mexico
Received 22 April 2016, Accepted 27 November 2016
Abstract

Hunting is one of the main threats to biodiversity due to its synergistic effect with other anthropogenic activities. Aversive hunting is a radical measure aimed at species considered threats to human health or goods. This practice has proved high impacts on wildlife. We quantified sighting and hunting of Beaded lizards and analyzed its relation with habitat disturbance through semi-structured interviews in seven localities. Sighting and hunting relation with habitat was analyzed individually using correlation tests and globally using discriminant function analysis. Hunting frequency is closed to 50% and justified on the potential direct threat of these species. Habitat structure explained sighting frequency but not hunting. Our study exposes that impact on Beaded lizards due to aversive hunting is high and that an education plan is required to decrease it; we also show the importance of habitat structure for the conservation of Beaded lizards.

Highlights

  • Almost half of Beaded lizards that encounter humans are victims of aversive hunting.

  • Sightings increase in conserved areas whilst hunting may be explained by cultural dogmas.

  • Dissemination of knowledge about Beaded lizards may greatly enhance their conservation.

  • Habitat management and tolerance are essential steps in the conservation strategy.

Keywords
Conservation, Habitat disturbances, Human–wildlife conflict