Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:31-7 DOI: 10.1016/j.pecon.2017.11.004
Research Letters
As far as the eye can see: Scenic view of Cerrado National Parks
Ariane de Almeida Rodriguesa,, , Mercedes Maria da Cunha Bustamanteb, Edson Eyji Sanoc
a Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Faculdade de Planaltina, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil
b Laboratório de Ecologia de Ecossistemas, Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil
c Centro de Sensoriamento Remoto, Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis – IBAMA, Brasília, DF, Brazil
Received 28 June 2017, Accepted 17 November 2017
Abstract

Buffer zones around protected areas (PA) can minimize negative human impacts and stimulate the sustainable use of natural resources. To fulfill these goals, it is important to ensure the participation of local communities on resources management and to support local economies. Sustainable tourism activities have the potential to reconcile the apparent conflict between protection of nature and socioeconomic benefits, but it has not been fully developed in Brazilian PA network. The objective of this study is to address opportunities to expand and complement the touristic attractions in areas surrounding eight Cerrado National Parks opened for visitation, by taking advantage of their scenic views. The analysis was based on remote sensing derived landscape biophysical attributes, including three key categories related to visual and ecological qualities and six indicators. Results allowed the identification of profiles for the selected parks, relating their biophysical characteristics to their main touristic potential. Strong hilly topographies, in general, were associated with wide visual scale and high complexity while flat topographies favor water related recreational services. Although focused on National Parks located in the Brazilian Cerrado, the study area is representative of tropical ecosystems with relevant species richness and high land conversion pressure.

Keywords
Cultural ecosystem services, Savanna, Tourism, Protected areas, Buffer zone, Scenic beauty